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Marat Jean-Paul
(1743—1793)

Marat Jean-Paul (1743—1793)

Jean-Paul Marat was a Swiss-born scientist and physician, who made much of his career in England, but is best known as a French Revolutionary. A member of the radical Jacobin faction during the French Revolution, he helped to launch the Reign of Terror. He was assassinated in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday.

From a relatively early date, Marat advocated doing away with the monarchy and raged against more moderate revolutionary leaders. In July 1790 he wrote "Five or six hundred heads cut off would have assured your repose, freedom and happiness. A false humanity has held your arms and suspended your blows; because of this millions of your brothers will lose their lives". He approved of the September 1792 massacres of jailed "enemies of the Revolution" and established the "Committee of Surveillance" whose role was to root out antirevolutionaries. Marat composed the death lists from which the innocent and the guilty alike were executed.

He was killed in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday in 1793. Madame Corday was a Girondin and her action provoked reprisals in which thousands of enemies of the Jacobins — royalists and Girondins alike — were executed on supposed charges of treason. Corday herself was guillotined on July 17, 1793 for the murder.


Bulgaria, 1989, Jean-Paul Marat

Guinea, 2011, Death of Marat

Madagaskar, 1989, Charlotte Corday kills Marat

Rwanda, 1990, Triumph of Marat

Togo, 1989, Charlotte Corday kills Marat

USSR, 1989, Marat, Danton and Robespierre

Vietnam, 1989, Death of Marat

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