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Luitpold Karl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig of Bavaria
(1821—1912)

Luitpold Karl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig of Bavaria(1821—1912)

HRH Luitpold Karl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig Prince of Bavaria, was a Bavarian prince of the House of Wittelsbach. The third son of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and his wife Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Luitpold was appointed regent for his nephew Ludwig II in 1886 when Ludwig was declared mentally incompetent. His son succeeded him as regent and became king (1913) as Louis III.

The royal family Wittelsbach, which governed Bavaria from 1180 to World War I, has been deeply immersed in beer. Notes from 1260 record that Duke Ludwig had "a fine brewery" in his house. The family's members have included Wilhelm IV, who ensured at the time of the Reformation that Bavaria remained Roman Catholic - and established the Beer Purity Law in 1516; Duke Albrecht, credited with establishing a Hofbrauhaus (Royal Court Brewery) and later Wilhelm V, cited as the founder of the present Hofbranhaus in 1859; and the Prince (later King Ludwig I) whose marriage in 1810 to Princess Theresia inspired the Munich Oktoberfest.

Germany has breweries owned by the royal families Furstenberg, Thurn and Taxis, and Witteisbach. The latter family, the dynasty of Bavaria (with links to the Stuarts), is represented by the most extrovert of noble brewers, Prince Luitpold. He is known in Britain for his Kaltenberg "diet Pils" but in Germany for much more interesting brews, and he is a great propagandist, not only for his own manifold efforts but also for the Purity Law and for beer as one of life's pleasures.

Hamlet From Munich, it is a journey of only 30 miles, in a westerly direction, to the village of Geltendorf and the nearby hamlet of Kaltenberg ("Celtic Hill"). Its name suggests that Kaltenberg began as a Celtic settlement; in 1179 the hamlet was a monastic property; and in the 1200s a castle was built on the hill by Duke Rudolph of Bavaria.

Like any big house, Kaltenberg would always have had a brewery, but in the late 1800s it opened a tavern, and 1872 began to make beer for commercial sale.

The present Prince Luitpold, born in 1951, took over the Kaltenberg brewery in 1976. In a republic, Prince Luitpold clearly believes that royals should work for a living, and he is one of the most energetic of Germany's brewers. When he took over the brewery, he quickiy decided that it should haveaspeciality The range included a dark lager, and the Prince decided to develop that product. He refined it for two or three years, increasing the original gravity from 11.5 to 13.2-3 Plato, introducing krausening - mixing fermenting wort with the "green beer " - and dry hopping.

The beer, called Konig Ludwig Dunkel, has a dense head, a tawny-to-dark colour of 40 EBC, a medium body, and 24-26 units of bitterness. It is intended to have a full flavour without being too full-bodied or sweet. To this end, it is quite well attenuated, to a fermentation of 79 per cent rather that the 70-65 of some dark lagers.


Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria in hat

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria in hat

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria in hat

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria in hat

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria in hat

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria in hat

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria in wreath

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria in wreath

Bavaria, 1906, Maximilian and Luitpold

Bavaria, 1906, Kings of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1906, Maximilian and Luitpold

Bavaria, 1906, Kings of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1906, Maximilian and Luitpold

Bavaria, 1906, Kings of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1906, Maximilian and Luitpold

Bavaria, 1906, Maximilian and Luitpold

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1911, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1912, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1912, Luitpold of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1913, Officiers with Luitpold

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