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Napoleon Bonaparte and his epoch
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The directory «Plots of stamps in the catalogue»

Ludwig I
(1786–1868)

Ludwig I (1786–1868)

King of Bavaria (1786-1868), son of the then prince, afterwards duke and elector, Max Joseph of Zweibrucken and his wife Princess Augusta of Hesse-Darmstadt ( -i 796), was born at Strassburg on the 25th of August 1786. He received a careful education at home, afterwards (in 1803) going to the Bavarian national university of Landshut and to Gottingen. As a young man he was drawn into the Romantic movement then at its height; but both the classics and contemporary classical poetry took hold upon his receptive mind (he visited Goethe in 1827). He had himself strong artistic tendencies, though his numerous poems show but little proof of this, and as a patron of the arts he proved himself as great as any who had ever occupied a LOUIS I.

German throne, and more than a mere dilettante. His first visit to Italy, in 1804, had an important influence upon this side of his development.

But even in Italy the crown prince (his father had become elector in 1799 and king of Bavaria in 1805) did not forget his nationality. He soon made himself leader of the small anti-French party in Bavaria. Napoleon sought in vain to win him over, and Louis fell more and more out of favor with him. Napoleon was even reported to have said: " Qui m'empeche de laisser fusilier ce prince?" Their relations continued to be strained, although in the campaigns of 1807 and 1809, in which Bavaria was among the allies of France, Louis won his laurels in the field.

The crown prince was also averse from a Napoleonic marriage, and preferred to marry (October 12, 1810) the Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1792-1854). Three daughters and four sons were born of this marriage, one of whom succeeded him as Maximilian II., while another, Luitpold, became prince regent of Bavaria on the death of Louis II.

During the time that he was crown prince Louis resided chiefly at Innsbruck or Salzburg as governor of the circle of the Inn and Salzach. In 1815 he attended the Congress of Vienna, where he was especially occupied in endeavouring to obtain the restoration of Alsace and Lorraine to Germany; and later in the year he was with the allies in Paris, using his influence to secure the return of the art treasures carried off by the French.


Ajman, 1971, Monument of Ludwig I in Munich

Comoren Islands, 1976, Monument to Ludwig I

Equatorial Guinea, 1972, Monument to Ludwig I

Equatorial Guinea, 1972, Monument to Ludwig I

Gambia, 2001, Portrait of Ludwig I

Bavaria, 1906, Kings of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1906, Kings of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1906, Kings of Bavaria

Bavaria, 1913, Bavarian Soldier

© 2003-2019 Dmitry Karasyuk. Idea, preparation, drawing up
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